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Seaweed Farming Sustainability Analysis In West Kupang District, Kupang Regency

Research Team

Dr. Ir.  Sunadji., MP/0017046506

Dr. Yuliana Salosso, S.Pi., MP/0001077505

Dr. Ade Yulita Hesti Lukas, S.Pi., M.Si./0010077904

Ir. Ridwan Tobuku, M.Si./0003016608

Welem Linggi Turupadang, S.Pi., G.Dip.Sc., M.Sc./0011098203


Seaweed farming activities  chosen by the community because it has several advantages, including a relatively short harvest period of 45 days, without using fertilizer, having high economic value without damaging the environment, easy cultivation and low costs and market availability (Ma'ruf, 2005). This causes the community to use every inch of coastal area in West Kupang District for seaweed cultivation activities up to 3 km towards the sea without taking into account the principle of land suitability and environmental carrying capacity. If this continues, it is likely that there will be environmental degradation that can reduce the productivity and quality of seaweed produced. So that this seaweed cultivation activity, which is the foundation of new hope for coastal communities in West Kupang District to improve their welfare, can be threatened by its sustainability. Therefore, research on the suitability of waters needs to be carried out and assess the sustainability status of seaweed farming activities in West Kupang District, Kupang Regency.

Result

  1. The suitable area for seaweed cultivation in the study area is in the waters of West Kupang District with very suitable class criteria covering an area of 407.6 ha, appropriate class criteria covering an area of 856.93 ha and inappropriate class criteria covering an area of 2665.78 ha.
  2. In general, the level of sustainability of seaweed cultivation activities in West Kupang District, Kupang Regency is in the category of quite sustainable. Ecological, economic, socio-cultural and institutional dimensions are quite sustainable, unless the technological dimension is in a less sustainable status.
  3. Sensitive attributes affect or need to be intervened on the sustainability status of seaweed cultivation activities in West Kupang District as many as 14 attributes out of 33 attributes. For the ecological dimension, factors that are sensitive and need attention are brightness, depth, on the economic dimension, sensitive factors, namely the feasibility of seaweed cultivation activities, profits from seaweed farming activities, contribution to Regional Original Income, on the socio-cultural dimension, namely job socialization factors, family participation, the number of RTP, technological dimensions, namely RL quality standardization factors, the level of mastery of RL cultivation technology, The availability of RL yield industries, and for the institutional dimension sensitive factors, namely the availability of local regulations and water zoning for seaweed cultivation.

Recommendations

  1. It is necessary for local regulations to regulate zoning, the layout of cultivation units and market prices.
  2. More in-depth research needs to be done on the assessment and addition of dimensions and attributes in the sustainability analysis of seaweed farming activities  agar dapat memberikan masukan rekomendasi pengelolaan yang lebih spesifik.
  3. Further research needs to be done on modeling seaweed farming activities in West Kupang District to find out how long these activities can continue to be sustainable.

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