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Base Line Study

Social Economic Base Line Study of Seaweed Industry in East Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara Province Yayasan Konservasi Indonesia July 2022


The baseline study is planned to be carried out by the University of Nusa Cendana (UNDANA) in Kupang. The University should collaborate with the local government, especially Provincial and Regencial Fisheries Services (Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan – Provinsi and Dinas Perikanan – Kabupaten) in planning and conducting the study. Since the location is also part of Laut Savu Sea Marine National Park, the university should colaborate with Balai Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Nasional (BKKPN) in Kupang.

The study is an important element of KI’s “Terumbu Karang Sehat Indonesia” project that is funded by the Global Fund for Coral Reefs (GFCR) (Rp 400,000,000).

. The study is to provide current state and information of the Sumba’s seaweed industry that will be used to design and implement future investment and livelihood programs. The study covers all activities of planning and preparation, survey or data collection, data analysing, reporting, and result dissemination.

In an area highly dependent on rain-fed agriculture, trends toward more frequent and increasingly severe drought, the communities of Sumba are increasingly reliant on nearshore marine resources for subsistence and incomes. To address these vulnerabilities, the national and provincial government have promoted expansion of seaweed mariculture as a priority for livelihood and economic development.

In East Sumba the programme will invest in transforming the rapidly growing seaweed mariculture industry to demonstrate coral-positive, equitable, and profitable models that can be replicated nationally.

Socioeconomic baseline and target metrics for the following indicator(s) to be established following completion of baseline assessments. Baseline assessments are scheduled to be completed over an initial 4-months of Programme commencement.

  1. # of local sustainable jobs created (disaggregated by gender, Indigenous status)
  2. # of reef-positive businesses incubated
  3. # of community members with greater income from sustainable seaweed mariculture value chain participation


            The Terumbu Karang Sehat Indonesia program has selected and prioritized East Sumba’s seaweed industry as one of its geographic and thematic focus. The long-term outcome of the program is to enhance economic resilience for Sumba Island communities and reduction or avoidance of adverse impacts to coral reefs through development and expansion of sustainable, equitable and coral reef-positive seaweed mariculture industry livelihood alternatives. This study, however, is a first attempt to reach this long-term outcome.

            The short-term outcome of the study is completion of the study, availability baseline information of East Sumba’s seaweed industry, and comprehensive understanding of the industry by national and local public and private agencies. Based on the baseline data, a seaweed investment roadmap for East Sumba will be developed.

            The outputs of this study are:

  1. Designed evidence-based frameworks for reef-positive seaweed sector development.
  2. Foundational research to guide near-term reef-positive mariculture siting and growing practices and long-run disease and climate resilience.
  3. Initial roadmap for investment in reef-positive seaweed development that blends investment and livelihood development.


  1. Collect, analyze, and synthesize social-economic variables of East Sumba seaweed industry in the context of East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) province and Indonesia seaweed development.
  2. Design reef-positive seaweed investment schemes in farming, marketing, trading and processing plant.
  3. Improve livelihoods of seaweed farming communities by taking into consideration the rights of local indigenous in resource use and management, roles women, community participation, and promoting inclusiveness, equity and fairness.


            The study should be designed and conducted to cover the following aspects:

  1. National, provincial and regency seaweed policy review and analysis
  2. Seaweed production system
  3. Seaweed processing, marketing, and trading
  4. Source of income of seaweed farmers
  5. Role and participation of gender, women, children, and indigenous group in seaweed production system.
  6. Local economic contribution of seaweed industry.
  7. Seaweed Investment Plan


            The study should be conducted by a multidisciplinary team led by an expert on fisheries, or aquaculture economist from UNDANA.

Leader of Team          : Dr. Ir. Marcelien Djublina Ratoe Oedjoe, M.Si

Member of Team        : Dr. Ade Yulita hestu Lukas, S.Pi.,M.Si

Kiik  Gretty  Sine, S.Pi.,M.Si

Dr. Alexander Leonidas kangkan, S.Pi.,M.Si

Daud D Talo, SH, MA, MHum

Dr. Roland E Fanggidae, S.Si-Teol.,MM


            The team should develop rigorous methods of survey, data collection, and analysis in accordance with the above study spectrum and to achieve the study outputs and outcomes.


            The entire study is conducted in 4 months, starting from dates of contract sign to the submission of the final report. The team should develop a time schedule that covers all activities.


            Three reports must be submitted in English by the team are (1) inception report, (2) progress report, and (3) final report. The inception report is a study plan, setting out study methods, information on data sources and collection, sampling and key indicators, timeline, and team structure. The inception report is submitted prior to field data collection. The progress report is to cover all activities during field data collection, list of raw data, and important evidence or facts encountered during field data collection. The final report that contains results of data analysis, interpretation, discussion, conclusions, and recommendations is to submit before ending of study period.


            Seminars to disseminate study results should be conducted each in Waingapu and Kupang. The seminars organized and held by UNDANA, should be attended by government, private, business, NGOs, and community representatives. The study report will be reviewed by KI for the possibility of publication and dissemination.

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